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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every outline posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

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SCRIPTURE: John 19:1-42


TEXT:Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: Where they crucified him…” --  John 19:16-18a


INTRODUCTION: On December 7, 1941, the Japanese armed forces bombed the US Naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. President Roosevelt delivered a radio address the next day that described the event as “a day that will live in infamy."


A. Webster's Dictionary describes infamy as, "disgrace, dishonor, great wickedness." Now, there is no one who will deny that what the Japanese did that day was an act of extremely great wickedness. In fact, it lead to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of soldiers all over the South Pacific.


1. I have heard the assassination of President Kennedy described as the most "infamous" day in the history of our great nation.


a. The September 11th 2001 terrorist attack may also be describer as the most "infamous" day in the history of our great nation.


b. That may very well be so.


2. However, I would like to take you back in time to a day some 2,000 years ago that will forever stand as the most infamous day in the history of humanity.


3. On that day, the creature took steps to kill its Creator.


a. On that day, mankind raised its rebellious fist against Almighty God. On that day, the darling Son of God became the Lamb slain from the foundations of the world.


b. The day Jesus Christ was crucified is the most infamous day in the history of the world.


B. This morning, I want us to see a portrait of Jesus: The Crucified King.


1. Today, I want us to remember what He endured to provide salvation for sinners.


2. Today, I want us to look at the King of kings and the Lord of lords as He dies for you and for me.


3. Today, I would like for us to take a fresh look at Calvary and the events that took place there that day.


C. As we consider Jesus: The Crucified King, I want you to see just how much this man Jesus loves you.


1. I want you to see what He was willing to endure for your sake.


2. I want you to see how His death on the cross can become the means of your salvation if you do not know Him, and what this means to you if you are saved.


3. Let's take a look at the various aspects of John chapter nineteen as we consider Jesus: The Crucified King.


I. THE KING CONDEMNED (John 19:1-17)


There were several groups that were involved in the rejection and the condemnation of the King on that infamous and awful day. Let's take a moment to consider those directly involved in the death of the King of kings.


A. The Ruthless Men (The Soldiers) (19:1-3)


1. These verses tell us that these hardened men took the Lord Jesus, scourged Him and then mocked Him by placing a crown of thorns upon His head and treating Him cruelly.


2. These were some of the same men who would later take the Lord Jesus to Calvary, nail Him to a cross and gamble over His garments as He died for sin.


3. These men were directly responsible for the death of Jesus Christ!


B. The Religious Men (19:4-7, 15)


1. The chief priests and scribes were involved in the death of Jesus in that they arrested, accused and condemned Him under false charges.


2. These same men would later walk by the cross and mock Jesus as He died, Mark 15:29.


“And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,”


3. These men were directly responsible for the death of Christ!


C. The Ruling Men (19:6-16)


1. Both Pilate and Herod were guilty of ignoring what they knew to be true about Jesus.


2. It would appear from the story that Pilate tried everything short of bravery to get Jesus released.


3. Be that as it may, these men had the power and the ability to set Jesus at liberty, yet they chose to let Him die.


4. Therefore, they are directly responsible for the death of the Lord Jesus.


D. The Rebellious Men (19:18)


1. The Bible tells us that Jesus was crucified between two thieves.


2. The Bible also tells us that these men ridiculed Jesus and rejected Him vocally that day, Luke 23:39.


39And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.”


3. Even though one of the thieves came to Jesus later, they were both directly responsible for the death of Jesus Christ.


E. The Riotous Men (Luke 23:21)


21But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.”


1. Among those who rejected Jesus on that fateful and infamous day were the crowds that had gathered in Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover.


2. Without a doubt some of these people were the same ones who had lined the road into the city just a few days before and had hailed Him as their coming King.


3. Now, they stand with their leaders and call for the blood of their innocent Messiah.


4. These people were directly responsible for the death of the King.


F. All Regular Men


1. Lest we be quick to condemn those who condemned the Lord, we need to take a step back and look at the real reason Jesus went to the cross.


a. Why did Jesus Christ go to the cross?


b. Jesus Christ went there because all men are sinners and stand in need of a Savior.


2. When Jesus went to the cross, He was dying for the sins of all humanity, 2 Cor. 5:15.


15And that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.”


3. When Jesus went to the cross, He literally became sin for you and me, 2 Cor. 5:21.


21For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him”


4. Since that is true, then you and I are responsible for the condemnation of the King.


a. Why did the cross happen?


b. For you and me!


4. The King was crucified and it was my fault!


II. THE KING CRUCIFIED (John 19:18-29)


These verses give us a brief account of the time Jesus spent on the cross at Calvary. John doesn't give us some of the detail of the other Gospel writers, but his account is vivid enough to give us insight into that infamous day when Jesus died for humanity.


A. The Pain Of The Cross


1. The Bible sums up the crucifixion in one verse. Actually, verse 18 simply says, "they crucified him..."


2. However, we need to realize just what He suffered for you and me.


a. Can you imagine having long, iron spikes driven through your hands and feet?


b. Can you imagine hanging on a cross for 6 hours after you had been beaten and whipped by a band of soldiers?


c. We can't even begin to comprehend the pain that Jesus endured on the cross that day to atone for the sins on man.


3. In fact, crucifixion is widely regarded as the most horrible form of execution ever devised by man.


a. When a person was nailed to a cross, the nails would come into contact with the median nerve that runs though the forearms and into the hands.


b. This would irritate this nerve and cause the body to undergo violent spasms, which would result in the body being slammed into the upright wood of the cross.


c. Also, the body would sag due to fatigue and weakness in the limbs.


(1) This collapsing of the body would result in the chest muscles preventing the lungs from expanding.


(2) The only way the condemned man could breath would be for him to push against the nails in his feet as he pulled against the nails in his hands.


(3) This action would raise him up and allow his to fill his lungs.


d. This would have to be repeated each time a breath was needed.


(1) Eventually the body would be so weak from the combined influence of gangrene, blood loss, dehydration and exhaustion, that the victim would be unable to lift his body and would suffocate.


(2) Jesus Christ died a horrible death, a painful death, a death unspeakably cruel and vile, all because He loved you!


B. The Purpose Of The Cross


1. When we think of the death Jesus endured for us on the cross, the question comes as to why He would do this. The reason is simple and straightforward.


2. Jesus died the death He did, He suffered the agony He did, He endured the pain a suffering:


a. That He did so that He might manifest the love of God to lost sinners, Rom. 5:8 8But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”


b. And that He might pay the price for our sins, 1 John 2:2! 2And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.”


3. Why did He go to Calvary? He went to the cross so that you would not have to go to Hell!


C. The Primacy Of The Cross


1. There seems to be a movement afoot today that would take down the cross and undermine the necessity of blood atonement for sins.


a. However, try as they might, men can never take away the need for the cross!


b. In fact, what the world calls foolish is called powerful and necessary by the Lord:


1 Cor. 1:18 18For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.”


1 Cor. 1:23-24 23But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; 24But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.”


1 Cor. 2:14 14But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.”


2. Man may try to sanitize the Gospel to make it more appealing to a lost world, but when the blood of Jesus and His agony on the cross is stripped away from the Gospel message, there is no Gospel left!


a. There is only some religious message that doesn't have the power to save one sinner from an eternal Hell!


b. Let the world take what it will, I'll take the old rugged Cross and the blood of Jesus that was shed there as the payment in full for all of my sins!




A. The Cry (19:30-37)


After 6 hours on the cross, Jesus had spoken a few times already, yet when He is about to give up His spirit into the hands of death Jesus makes this cry, "It is finished!"


Please note that Jesus did not say, "I am finished!" This was not the cry of a defeated man, no!


Rather, this was the cry of a Victor! This is the cry of one who has paid the price and finished the work He came to do! In truth, this word, "Tet-el-es-tai", is a very vivid and expressive word.


Understanding how it was used in that day may help us have a better grasp of what Jesus said when He said "It is finished!"


1. It Was A Servant's Word -- Used when a task was finished!


2. It Was A Priest's Word -- Used When a sacrificial animal was examined and found worthy.


3. It Was A Farmer's Word -- Used when an animal was born that was a perfect specimen.


4. It Was An Artist's Word -- Used when an artist had applied the finishing touches to a masterpiece. It meant that nothing more could be done to make it better.


5. It Was A Merchant's Word -- Used when a merchant and a customer had haggled over a price and had reached a price that was acceptable to both. This implied that the haggling was over, the deal was struck and everyone involved had been fully satisfied.


When Jesus made this cry, He was telling us that the price had been paid, salvation had been finished and that God was satisfied with the price that had been paid.


B. The Completion (19:38-42)


1. After Jesus uttered this cry, He died and was taken down from the cross and was buried.


2. Please understand that when Jesus went to the cross, it was absolutely necessary for Him to die.


3. If He hadn't died on the cross, sin would have never been paid for.


4. After all, the wages of sin was, is and will ever be death - Rom. 6:23!


23For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”


5. People think the cross is bloody, and they are right!


6. But, you cannot be saved without faith in the shed blood of Jesus!


C. The Continuation


1. I am about to get into the Easter sermon, but I decided many years ago that I would never leave Jesus hanging on the cross and that I would never leave Him dead!


2. The good news is that 3 days after He died, He also arose from the dead.


a. He died to pay for our sins and He arose to provide for our justification.


b. The greatest words in the Bible are probably those found in Matthew 28:6.


6He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.”


c. The fact that Jesus is risen is what sets Christianity apart from the rest of the world's religions.


d. Our is a living faith in a living Lord. Jesus is alive and so is everyone who places their faith in Him for salvation!


CONCLUSION: I thank God this morning for Jesus The Crucified King!


A. I am thankful that He was willing to suffer what He did so that we might be saved.


1. The question that remains today is this; have you been saved?


2. Are you trusting in Jesus and Jesus alone for your soul's salvation?


3. If you are trusting anything else, then you are lost and need to be born again.


4. What will you do with Jesus?


5. When you think of what He has done for you, there is only one answer that makes sense.


6. You must give Jesus you heart and your life and then serve Him until He calls you home.


B. Now, for the Christian, there is this question:


1. When faced with all that Jesus did for you on the cross, can you honestly say that you are living for Him like you should?


2. If not, or if you need to be saved, then I invite you to come to Jesus right now and to allow Him to have His way in your life.


3. Will you respond as the Lord has spoken to your hearts today?


REFERENCES: References used in this Bible study are from the Believer’s Bible Commentary, David C. Cook Publishers Bible-in-Life, Dr. Cliff Robinson Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, KJV Bible Commentary, Our Daily Bread, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament Ed. 4, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, and selected illustrations.



E-Mail: Ronald Purkey


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