B I B L E   S T U D Y




Rev. Ronald C. Purkey claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every outline posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

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SCRIPTURE: John 19:16-30


TEXT: “For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, Who died for us…” -- 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10




A. Let’s look at the death of Jesus Christ.


1. In one biography of the great American, Daniel Webster, 863 pages deal with Daniel Webster’s career and just five pages are devoted to his death.


2. In Hay's life of Abraham Lincoln there are 5,000 pages but only 25 pages are devoted to the dramatic story of his assassination and death.


3. In most biographies, the death of the subject is a mere incident at the close of the book.


B. But when we come to the four "biographies" of JESUS CHRIST, the four Gospels, we are confronted with a strange fact.


1. One-third of the Gospel of Matthew is given to a description of the death of Christ.


2. One-third of the Gospel of Mark,…


a.. One-fourth of the Gospel of Luke,…


b. And one-half of the Gospel of John are given to His death.


3. All these pages are devoted to the last 24 hours of Christ’s life.


C. The death of Jesus Christ is the most significant FACT of human history,…


1.  Because Jesus Christ came for the express purpose of dying for sinners.


2. Even before He left heaven, Jesus Christ knew He was going to the Cross.




A. After a night of humiliating abuse and vicious scourging, which was enough to kill some people,…


1. Jesus was wracked with horrendous pain during His 6 hours on the cross.


2. But far worse was the agony in His soul.


3. During the 3 hours of darkness, He endured the God-forsakenness of hell.


B. The prophet Isaiah declared the suffering Servant…


1. to be absolutely without fault, but said,…


2. "It pleased the Lord to bruise Him" and to "make His soul an offering for sin" (Isaiah 53:10).


3. The apostle Paul said that God made the sinless One "to be sin for us" (2 Corinthians 5:21).


4. Not until Jesus knew He had endured the full measure of God's judgment against our sins did He say, "It is finished!" (Matthew 27:50; John 19:30).




A. The Meaning. (19:16)


1. We speak so often of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ that it becomes almost trite for the average believer.


2. The crucifixion of Jesus Christ is one of the most reprehensible, wicked points in history.


3. Yet, this is our REDEMPTION!


4. We need to pause here and look at it from various points of view.


·        From the standpoint of God, the cross is a propitiation: It is the mercy seat where God can extend mercy to you and to me.


·        From the standpoint of the Lord Jesus, it is a sacrifice: He is the Savior, and He makes Himself an offering for sin.


·        From the standpoint of you and me, believers in Christ Jesus, it was a substitution: He took my place and He took your place.


·        From the standpoint of Satan, it was a triumph and also a defeat: It was a triumph for Satan to bruise the heel of the woman’s seed as had been foretold way back in Genesis 3. It was a defeat because the head of Satan is yet to be crushed.


·        From the standpoint of the world, the cross is nothing but a brutal murder: They see the injustice.


So they led Him away to be crucified. This fulfills Psalm 94:20–21: “Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law? They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.”


B. The Death. (19:17-24)


1. A Cross. (19:17)


a. The word translated cross may refer to a single piece of wood (a stake), or it may have been two cross pieces.


(1) At any rate, it was of such size that a man could normally carry it.


(2) Jesus carried His cross for some distance.


(3) Then, according to the other Gospels, it was given to a man named Simon of Cyrene to carry.


b. The Place of a Skull may have received this name in one of two ways:


(1) The land itself may have resembled a skull, especially if it was a hill with caves in the side of it. Such a site is “Gordon’s Calvary” in Israel today.


(2) It was the place where criminals were executed; perhaps skulls and bones were found in the area, though in light of the Mosaic Law on burial this is most unlikely.


2. A Murder. (19:18)


a. The Lord Jesus was nailed to the cross, hands and feet.


b. The cross was then lifted up and dropped into a hole in the ground.


c. The only perfect Man who ever lived, and this was the reception He received from His own!


d. Two thieves were crucified with Him, one on either side.


c. This was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah 53:12: “He was numbered with the transgressors.”


3. A Title. (19:19)


a. It was the custom to put a title above the head of the crucified, and to indicate the crime.


b. Pilate ordered that the title JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS, should be placed on the center cross.


4. A Message. (19:20)


NOTE: The place of Christ’s Crucifixion was near the city. The Lord Jesus was crucified outside the city limits. The exact location is no longer known for certain.


a. The title was written in Hebrew (the language of religion).


b. It was written in Greek (the language of culture and education).


c. It was written in Latin (the language of law and order).


d. Thus, it was written for the whole world to see that He died for all.


e. This is the gospel that is to be preached to the world.


f. This is the hope of the world.


5. A Controversy. (19:21)


a. The chief priests did not like the wording.


b. They wanted it to read as a claim made by Jesus, but not as a fact (which it was).


6. A Determination. (19:22)


a. Pilate would not change the writing.


b. He had become impatient with the Jews and would not give in to them any more.


c. But he should have shown this determination sooner!


7. A Division. (19:23)


a. At such executions, the soldiers were allowed to share the personal effects of those who died.


b. Here we find them dividing Christ’s garments among themselves.


c. Apparently there were five pieces altogether.


d. They divided four, but there was still the tunic, which was without seam and could not be cut up without making it worthless.


8. A Fulfillment. (19:24) “They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be:….” (19:24a)


a. They cast lots for the tunic, and it was handed over to the unnamed winner.


(1) Little did they know that in doing this, they were fulfilling a remarkable prophecy written a thousand years previously,…


(2) “They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture” (Psalm 22:18).


b. These fulfilled prophecies remind us again that this Bible is the inspired Word of God!


c. And that Jesus Christ is indeed the promised Messiah.


 d. Jesus Christ is the Savior for all who will believe.




A. Jesus Commends His Mother to John. (19:25–27)


1. In spite of His own suffering, the Lord had tender regard for others.


a. Seeing His mother, and John, the disciple, He introduced John to her as the one who would hereafter take the place of son to her.


b. In calling His mother “Woman,” the Lord did not show any lack of respect.


2. Notice that the Lord did not call her “Mother.”


a. Jesus calls Mary, “Woman,” just as He had in John 2 at the wedding at Cana.


b. His hour is come.


(1) He is to DIE, but He will RISE AGAIN.


(2) He is to be GLORIFIED.


(3) His relationship to His MOTHER is to be severed.


(4) To her, as well as to us, He is to be the glorified Christ.


(5) Christ’s resurrection will clear her name forever.


(6) Her reputation will be vindicated.


c. Jesus here instructed John to care for Mary as if she were his own mother.


d. John obeyed and took Mary to his own home.


B. Jesus Finishes His Work On The Cross. (19:28–30)


1. His Thirst. (19:28)


a. Between verse 27 and 28, we have, no doubt, the three hours of darkness -- from noon to 3:00 p.m.


b. It was during this time that Jesus was forsaken by God as He suffered the penalty of our sins.


c. His cry, “I thirst!” indicated real, physical thirst, which was intensified by crucifixion.


d. But it also reminds us that, greater than His physical thirst was His spiritual thirst for the salvation of the souls of men and women.


2. His Cup. (19:29)


a. The soldiers gave Him sour wine to drink.


b. They probably tied a sponge to the end of a rod with hyssop and pressed it to His lips.


c. (Hyssop is a plant, also used at the Passover -- Exodus 12:22.)


d. This is not to be confused with the vinegar mixed with gall, which had been offered to Him earlier (Matthew 27:34).


(1) He did not drink that because it would have acted as a pain reliever.


(2) He must bear our sins in full consciousness.


3. His Shout. (19:30)


a. The Lord Jesus ended His work and suffering on the cross of Calvary with the words "It is finished!" (John 19:30).


(1) In the original language in which John recorded these words, only one word is spoken by the Lord Jesus – tetelestai.


(2) Not three words but one – FINISHED!


b. It was the cry of consummation, the cry of victory and of completion.


(1) In this one word, the Savior declared a FACT, a truth so wonderful that Satan has been busy ever since trying to hide from the minds of men and women the meaning of Jesus' last triumphant cry –


(2) that Jesus has paid the price for our sin.


(3) We have been redeemed!


(4) All we have to do is accept Christ as our Savior.


“For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, Who died for us…” (1 Thessalonians 5:9-10)


c. That Jesus Christ gave up His spirit emphasizes the fact that His death was VOLUNTARY.


(1) He determined the time of His death.


(2) In full control of His faculties, He dismissed His spirit -- an act no mere man could accomplish.




A.  If it were not for what Christ did on the cross, we would all stand guilty before God and hopeless in the face of death.


B. But through faith in Jesus Christ, we receive the forgiveness of all our sins and the assurance that death cannot hold us.


'I Belong There!'


A. A missionary was speaking to a remote tribe of people who had never heard about the life and ministry of Jesus.


1.  Seated in the front row, listening intently to all the missionary had to say, was the chief of the tribe.


B. As the story of Jesus came to its climax and the chief heard how Christ was cruelly crucified, he could restrain himself no longer.


1. He jumped up and cried, "Stop!


2. Take Him down from the cross!


3. I belong there, not Him!


4. He had grasped the meaning of the gospel.


5. He understood that he was a sinner, and that Christ was the sinless One.


C. As you consider that scene of the Son of God hanging on the cross in agony, with blood flowing from His wounds, can you say from your heart, "I belong there!"


1. Then go one step further and put your trust in Him as your Savior, so that you can say with Paul,…


 "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me." (Galatians 2:20)


2. Jesus took our place and died in our stead.


3. Because Christ bore our sins, He has opened the way for us to be brought into fellowship with the Father.


4. If you identify yourself with Christ and believe that He died for you, God will identify you with Christ and give you His righteousness.


D. Can you say, "I belong there!"


 -- Henry G. Bosch, Our Daily Bread, April 2, 1999


THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: Salvation cannot be earned; it must be accepted.”


REFERENCES: References used in this Bible study are from the Believer’s Bible Commentary, David C. Cook Publishers Bible-in-Life, Dr. Cliff Robinson Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, KJV Bible Commentary, Our Daily Bread, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament Ed. 4, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, and selected illustrations.



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