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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, an ordained Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

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(The King And His Kingdom)

November 21, 2021`


SCRIPTURE: Revelation 19:1-16


KEY VERSES: And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.” (Acts 1:10-11)


INTRODUCTION: The following verses present the climax of God’s wrath as Jesus Christ comes to destroy the armies of the nations of the world.


A. A Great Heavenly Multitude Proclaims Four “Hallelujah Choruses” Here In Anticipation Of Christ’s Return To Earth {Revelation 19:1, 3, 4, and 6). This was the first appearance of the word "Hallelujah" in the book of Revelation. But even more remarkably, this is the first appearance of the word "Hallelujah" in the whole New Testament! The word “hallelujah” (in the Greek “alleluia”) means “Praise Jehovah” and is a familiar Old Testament word. Why does heaven rejoice?


B. “How Will It All End?” Has Been Mankind’s Major Question For Centuries. Historians have studied the past, hoping to find a clue to understanding the future. Philosophers have tried to penetrate the meaning of things, but they have yet to find the key. No wonder perplexed people have turned in desperation to astrology and spiritism!


INSIGHT: The prophetic Word of God shines like a “light … in a dark place” (2 Peter 1:19), and on that we can depend. Here in Revelation 19, John has recorded key events that will take place before God “wraps up” human history and ushers in His new heavens and earth.


I. HEAVEN WILL REJOICE. (Revelation 19:1-10)


INSIGHT: When Babylon fell on the earth, the command was given in heaven, “Rejoice over her!” (Rev. 18:20) and what we read in this section is heaven’s response to that command. The word alleluia is the Greek form of the Hebrew word hallelujah, which means “praise the Lord.” This is heaven’s “Hallelujah Chorus” and it will be sung for good reasons.


A. God Has Judged His Enemies. (Revelation 19:1-4)


“And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God: For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great harlot, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand. And again they said, Alleluia And her smoke rose up for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.” (Revelation 19:1-4)


Since the “great harlot” of Revelation 17 was destroyed by “the beast” and his fellow rulers (Rev. 17:16) in the middle of the Tribulation, the “great harlot” referred to here must be Babylon the Great. Comparing Revelation 17:2 with 18:3 and 9, the connection is obvious. Both the apostate religious system and the satanic economic-political system led the world astray and polluted mankind. Both were guilty of persecuting God’s people and martyring many of them.


The song emphasizes God’s attributes, which is the proper way to honor Him. We do not rejoice at the sinfulness of Babylon, or even the greatness of Babylon’s fall. We rejoice that God is “true and righteous” (Rev. 15:3; 16:7; 17:6) and that He is glorified by His holy judgments. As we discover in Revelation 8:1-6, God’s throne and altar are related to His judgments. Revelation 19:3 should be compared with Revelation 14:10-11, and Revelation 19:4 with Revelation 5:6-10.


B. God Is Reigning. (Revelation 19:5-6)


And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great. And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.” (Revelation 19:5-6)


The literal translation is, “The Lord God omnipotent has begun to reign.” This does not suggest that heaven’s throne has been empty or inactive, because that is not the case. The Book of Revelation is the “book of the throne,” and the omnipotent God has indeed been accomplishing His purposes on earth. This burst of praise is an echo of Psalm 97:1 -- “The Lord reigneth; let the earth rejoice!”


God has been reigning on the throne of heaven, but He is now about to conquer the thrones of earth as well as the kingdom of Satan and “the beast.” In His sovereignty, He has permitted evil men and evil angels to do their worst; but now the time has come for God’s will to be done on earth as it is in heaven. Domitian was emperor of Rome when John was on Patmos, and one of his assumed titles was “Lord and God.” How significant it must have been, then, to John’s readers that he used the word alleluia four times in the first six verses of this chapter -- truly, only Jehovah is worthy of worship and praise.


C. The Bride Is Ready (Revelation 19:7-10)


Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God. And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” (Revelation 19:7-10)


1. The Bride, Of Course, Is The Church (2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 5:22-33)


Jesus Christ, the Lamb, is the Bridegroom (John 3:29). At a wedding, it is customary to focus attention on the bride; but in this case, it is the Bridegroom who receives the honor! “Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to Him.”


2. “What Did The Bride Wear?” Is The Usual Question Asked After A Wedding.


The Lamb’s bride is dressed “in the righteous acts of the saints” (literal translation). When the bride arrived in heaven at the Judgment Seat of Christ, she was not at all beautiful (in fact, she was covered with spots, wrinkles, and blemishes according to Paul in Eph. 5:27); but now she is radiant in her glory. She has “made herself ready” for the public ceremony.


INSIGHT: Dr. Lehman Strauss wrote: “Has it ever occurred to you...that at the marriage of the Bride to the Lamb, each of us will be wearing the wedding garment of our own making?” What a solemn thought!


3. Jewish Weddings In That Day Were Quite Unlike Weddings In The Western World.


First, there was an engagement, usually made by the parents when the prospective bride and groom were quite young. This engagement was binding and could be broken only by a form of divorce. Any unfaithfulness during the engagement was considered adultery.


When the public ceremony was to be enacted, the groom would go to the bride’s house and claim her for himself. He would take her to his home for the wedding supper, and all the guests would join the happy couple. This feast could last as long as a week.


4. Today, The Church Is “Engaged” To Jesus Christ; And We Love Him Even Though We Have Not Seen Him (1 Peter 1:8).


One day, He will return and take His bride to heaven (John 14:1-6; 1 Thess. 4:13-18). At the Judgment Seat of Christ, her works will be judged and all her spots and blemishes removed. This being completed, the church will be ready to return to earth with her Bridegroom at the close of the Tribulation to reign with Him in glory (see Luke 13:29; Matt. 8:11). Some students of the Bible believe that the entire Kingdom Age will be the “marriage supper.”


5. Revelation 19:9 Contains The Fourth Of The Seven “Beatitudes” Found In the Book of Revelation (see Revelation 1:3).


And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God. (Revelation 1:9)


Certainly the bride is not invited to her own wedding! This invitation goes out to the guests, believers from the Old Testament era and the Tribulation. During the eternal state, no distinctions will be made among the people of God; but in the Kingdom Age, differences will still exist as the church reigns with Christ and as Israel enjoys the promised messianic blessings.


6. John Was So Overwhelmed By All Of This That He Fell Down To Worship The Angel Who Was Guiding Him (Rev. 19:10), An Act That He Later Repeats (Rev. 22:8-9)!


Of course, worshiping angels is wrong (Col. 2:18) and John knew this. We must take into account the tremendous emotional content of John’s experience. Like John himself, this angel was only a servant of God (Heb. 1:14); and we do not worship servants (see Acts 10:25-26).


II. JESUS CHRIST WILL RETURN. (Revelation 19:11-16)


And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING Of Kings, And LORD Of Lords.” (Revelation 19:11-16)


A. John Described The Conqueror (Revelation 19:11-16) And Then His Conquests (Revelation 19:17-20:3).


The rider on the white horse (Rev. 6:2) is the false Christ, but this Rider is the true Christ. He is not coming in the air to take His people home (1 Thess. 4:13-18), but to the earth with His people, to conquer His enemies and establish His kingdom.


Notice the emphasis on Jesus’ names (Rev. 19:11-13, 16). He is “Faithful and True” (see Rev. 3:14), in contrast to “the beast” who was unfaithful (he broke the covenant with Israel) and false (he ruled by means of deception and idolatry). Suffering saints need to be reminded that God is faithful and will not desert them, because His promises are true.


INSIGHT: Perhaps the “secret name” (see Rev. 19:12) is the same as the “new name” (Rev. 3:12). Not knowing what this name is, we cannot comment on it; but it is exciting to know that, even in heaven, we shall learn new things about our Lord Jesus!


B. “The Word Of God” Is One Of The Familiar Names Of Our Lord In Scripture (John 1:1-14).


Just as we reveal our minds and hearts to others by our words, so the Father reveals Himself to us through His Son, the incarnate Word (Rev. 14:7-11). A word is made up of letters, and Jesus Christ is “Alpha and Omega” (Rev. 21:6; 22:13). He is the “divine alphabet” of God’s revelation to us.


The Word of God is “living and powerful” (Heb. 4:12); what’s more, it fulfills His purposes on earth (Rev. 17:17; notice also Rev. 6:11; 10:7; 15:1). Jehovah Himself says, “I am watching to see that My Word is fulfilled” (Jer. 1:12). Just as the Word was the Father’s Agent in Creation (John 1:1-3), so the Word is His Agent for judgment and consummation.


C. Christ’s Most Important Name Is “King Of kings, And Lord Of lords” (Revelation 19:16).


This is His victorious name (Rev. 17:14), and it brings to mind references such as Daniel 2:47 and Deuteronomy 10:17. Paul used this same title for our Lord Jesus Christ in 1 Timothy 6:15. The title speaks of Christ’s sovereignty, for all kings and lords must submit to Him. No matter who was on the throne of the Roman Empire, Jesus Christ was his King and Lord!


D. The Greatness Of Christ Is Seen Not Only In His Names, But Also In John’s Description Of The Conquering King (Revelation 19:12-16).


1. The Eyes “As A Flame Of Fire” Symbolize His Searching Judgment That Sees All (Rev. 1:14).


The many crowns (diadems) indicate His magnificent rule and sovereignty. The vesture dipped in blood speaks of judgment and probably relates to Isaiah 63:1-6 and Revelation 14:20, the conquest of His enemies. It is not our Lord’s blood that marks His vesture, but that of His foes.


2. The Sharp Sword Is A Symbol Of God’s Word (Rev. 19:21; See Also Eph. 6:17; Heb. 4:12; Rev. 1:16).


This is in keeping with the fact that the Lord Jesus Christ will consume the enemy “with the spirit of His mouth” (2 Thess. 2:8; Isaiah 11:4). We have met with the “rod of iron” before (Rev. 2:27; 12:5), a symbol of Christ’s justice as He rules over the earth. The image of the winepress must be associated with the judgment at Armageddon (Rev. 14:14-20; see also Isa. 63:1-6).


3. Jesus Is Not Alone In His Conquest, For The Armies Of Heaven Ride With Him.


Who are they? Certainly the angels are a part of this army (Matt. 25:31; 2 Thess. 1:7); but so are the saints (1 Thess. 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:10). Jude describes the same scene (Jude 14-15). The word saints means “holy ones” and could refer to believers or angels.


It will be unnecessary for the army to fight, for Christ Himself will defeat the enemy through great victories.


By David C. Egner


I was privileged to officiate at Steve's marriage to Karen. God had brought this couple together, and it was obvious that they were deeply in love.


When the wedding day finally arrived, all preparations had been made. The bridesmaids' dresses were ready, the flowers were in place, the rehearsal was complete. As the ceremony began, Steve and I walked in first. We stood at the front as the bridesmaids came down the aisle and took their places. The flower girls came next, dropping petals as they walked. They were cute as could be, and all eyes were on them -- all except Steve's. Then I heard him sigh. Karen had stepped into his vision. He hadn't been concerned about the bridesmaids, or even the flower girls. He was watching for his bride. He had eyes only for her.


The church is Jesus Christ's fiancée -- His betrothed. He loves her with a sacrificial, unending love. He died to redeem her. And the day is nearing when Christ will return to take His bride unto Himself. The joyous marriage supper of the Lamb will follow (Revelation 19:7-9).


As part of the church, we are the bride of Christ. He loves us. He has eyes only for us. DO YOU HAVE EYES ONLY FOR HIM?


 – By David C. Egner, Our Daily Bread, May 13, 2000


CONCLUSION: After the marriage of the Lamb in heaven, the next great event is the return of Christ to the earth. The King is coming!


·        But Jesus Christ will not come until after the church has been raptured and after the earth has undergone the Great Tribulation.


·        Now when Jesus comes to the earth, His bride will be with Him, and their marriage supper will be here upon the earth.


·        What a glorious day is ahead of us! If we could only get our eyes off the muck and mire of this earth and onto that which is eternal!


QUESTION: Are you ready for the return of Christ in the Rapture (the catching away of the Church)? The Rapture will start the fulfillment of this prophecy in Revelation chapter 19.


THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “God loves every one of us as if there were but one of us to love.” (Augustine)


* * *


REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the Moody Bible Commentary, J. Vernon McGee’s Thru the Bible Commentary: (www.ttb.org), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: (http://www.intouch.org/), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, Dr. Tony Evans (https://tonyevans.org/), KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: (http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Dr. Robert Jeffress’ Pathway to Victory (https://ptv.org/), Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook (www.sermonnotebook.org), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, Radio Bible Class Ministries (http://rbc.org/), selected illustrations and other references.



E-mail: Ronald Purkey


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